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Business Credit

About Business Credit Indicators

Changes in business credit reflect net new financing obtained by non-financial firms from various sources.

Overview of Total Business Credit

This table provides an overview of changes in business credit over the past year. The total dollar amount outstanding is noted, and broken down into components, as is the percentage distribution. The 12-month changes are given in dollar terms (again, broken down by component), and as a percentage of the total amount outstanding. Annualized 3-month and 1-month changes are also provided to give a sense of recent trends in business credit.

August 2018
C$ Billions Outstanding % Distribution 12-month  Dollar Change 12-month % Change 3-month % Change 1-month % Change
Total business credit 1 2 3 2155 100 136.5 6.7 6.7 5.9
Business Loans 1 2 820 38.1 81.1 10.7 11.1 16.9
Non-Mortgage Loans 1 2 562 26.1 60.4 11.6 7.5 19.4
Chartered Banks 1 409 19.0 49.8 13.2 7.1 23.0
Non-Banks 146 6.8 9.4 6.9 7.4 7.5
Off-balance sheet Loans securitized by banks and non-banks 7 0.3 1.1 20.8 45.5 95.6
Mortgage Loans 168 7.8 13.7 8.9 9.3 5.1
Chartered Banks 71 3.3 5.0 7.5 5.2 0.3
Non-Banks 4 94 4.4 8.6 10.0 13.3 9.9
Off-balance sheet Loans securitized by banks and non-banks 2 0.1 0.1 7.6 -19.8 -32.7
Bankers' Acceptances 1 91 4.2 7.0 8.4 40.7 24.5
Debt Securities 638 29.6 35.3 5.9 3.2 -3.0
Short term (commercial paper) 9 0.4 -1.0 -9.7 -42.3 -28.8
Long term (bonds) 629 29.2 36.3 6.1 4.1 -2.6
Equity 697 32.3 20.0 3.0 4.2 3.6
Equity & Warrants 648 30.1 19.3 3.1 4.2 3.5
Trust Units 48 2.2 0.7 1.5 3.9 5.2

Notes:
Data on this table are not seasonally adjusted unless otherwise stated.
  1. Last two columns are seasonally adjusted.
  2. Excludes inter-bank loans, loans by crown corporations and foreign currency loans to all levels of Canadian government.
  3. As at November 2015 business credit has been restructured to reflect business loans, debt securities and equity.
  4. Non-banks include trust and mortgage loan companies, credit unions and caisses populaires, life insurance companies, pension funds and non-depository credit intermediaries and other institutions (e.g., automobile leasing and sales financing companies). Non-bank residential and non-residential mortgage credit have been revised from 1969 to present as a result of revised pension fund data.

Balance sheet data reflect both new business loans and the change in the value of the stock of existing foreign currency loans due to exchange rate movements. This means that at times when the Canadian dollar depreciates, the translated value of existing foreign currency loans increases. The business credit data shown in this table strips out the effects of exchange rate movements to isolate new funding. Therefore, the growth rates of the four categories — Total Business Credit, Business Loans, Non-Mortgage Loans, and Non-Mortgage Chartered Bank Business Credit — do not agree with data shown on Banking and Financial Statistics Selected Credit Measures table (formerly E2) and CANSIM Table 176-0023.

Total Business Credit

This graph shows changes in total business credit since 1990, both in annualized three-month percentage terms, and in year-over-year percentage terms.

Business Credit from Chartered Banks

This graph shows changes in business credit from chartered banks since 1990, both in annualized three-month percentage terms, and in year-over-year percentage terms.

Total Bond Issuance - Financial Corporations

This graph shows both gross and net issuance of bonds by financial corporations since 1990 in dollar terms. Net issuance is gross issuance minus redemptions. Bond issuance is a good indicator of funding for longer-term projects.

* As of November 28, 2016, corporate bonds have been revised historically to include Euro Medium Term Notes.

Total Bond Issuance - Non-Financial Corporations

This graph shows both total gross and total net issuance of bonds by non-financial corporations since 1990 in dollar terms. Net issuance is gross issuance minus redemptions. Bond issuance is a good indicator of funding for longer-term projects.

Selected Money Market Instruments

This graph shows the net amount outstanding of three key money market instruments commonly used for short-term financing: bankers' acceptances, commercial paper issued by non-financial corporations, and asset-backed commercial paper.

* Non-seasonally adjusted and end-of-month data; all other series, seasonally adjusted and average of month-end data.